Lupus – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

woman with shoulder ache

Lupus is a long-term autoimmune disease that affects the body’s immune system, causing it to attack healthy tissues and organs. This disease is characterized by inflammation, pain and damage to various body parts, including the skin, joints, kidneys, lungs and brain. Below are the causes, symptoms and treatment options for lupus.


The exact cause of lupus is unknown. However, several factors are believed to contribute to the development of the disease, including genetics, hormones and environmental factors. Lupus is more prevalent in women than men, typically developing between the ages of 15 and 44.


Lupus symptoms can vary significantly from person to person and can change with time. The most common symptoms of lupus include:

  • Fatigue
  • Muscle pain
  • Joint pain and swelling
  • Skin rash or lesions, especially on the face, neck and scalp
  • Mouth sores
  • Fever
  • Chest pain and shortness of breath
  • Headaches and confusion
  • Sensitivity to sunlight
  • Hair loss
  • Kidney problems
  • Blood clotting


Diagnosing lupus can be challenging because the symptoms are usually vague and can mimic other conditions. A healthcare provider may order several tests to confirm a lupus diagnosis, including blood tests, urine tests and imaging studies.


While lupus has no cure, treatments can help manage symptoms and prevent complications. The treatment plan will depend on the type and severity of symptoms and the patient’s overall health. Some common treatments for lupus include:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve pain and reduce inflammation
  • Antimalarial drugs to treat skin and joint symptoms
  • Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system
  • Immunosuppressants to reduce the activity of the immune system

In some cases, lifestyle changes, such as exercising daily, eating a healthy diet and avoiding triggers like stress and sunlight, can also help manage lupus symptoms.

Cutting-Edge Lupus Treatment in Atlanta

Lupus is a chronic disease that can affect various body parts. If you are experiencing lupus symptoms, Medical Dermatology Specialists provide cutting-edge, personalized treatment options in Atlanta. Contact us today to make an appointment with our skincare experts and be one step closer to the long-term relief you deserve.

Posted on behalf of Dr. Jamie Weisman, Medical Dermatology Specialists, Inc.