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Childhood skin conditions can significantly impact a child’s comfort, self-esteem and overall well-being. Understanding common skin conditions can help parents and caregivers recognize symptoms and seek appropriate treatment from a qualified dermatologist when necessary. Here are some of the most common pediatric skin conditions, their symptoms and possible treatments.

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

Eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by red, itchy and dry patches. It often appears during infancy or early childhood and can persist into adolescence or adulthood. Triggers like allergens, irritants, climate changes or stress can exacerbate eczema. Management involves moisturizing the skin, avoiding triggers, using prescribed topical corticosteroids or immunomodulators, and practicing proper skincare routines.


Acne is prevalent during adolescence due to hormonal changes, causing pimples, blackheads, and cysts on the face, neck, shoulders, and back. Factors like genetics, hormonal fluctuations, diet and hygiene contribute to acne development. Treatment may include topical creams, oral medications, or procedures to reduce inflammation, control bacteria, and prevent scarring.


While less common in children, rosacea can manifest with redness, visible blood vessels, and pimple-like bumps on the face. Triggers such as sunlight, heat, certain foods and stress can exacerbate symptoms. Treatment involves topical medications, oral antibiotics, and lifestyle modifications to manage symptoms and reduce flare-ups.


Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and are common skin growths in children. They appear as rough, raised bumps on the skin and can occur on hands, feet, and other body parts. Warts are generally harmless but can be contagious. Treatment options include over-the-counter medications, cryotherapy, laser therapy, or surgical removal for persistent warts.

Hives (Urticaria)

Hives are red, itchy welts or raised areas on the skin that appear suddenly due to an allergic reaction or other triggers. They can vary in size and shape and often resolve on their own within a few hours. Identifying and avoiding triggers, antihistamines and topical creams can help alleviate symptoms.

Autoimmune Diseases Affecting the Skin

Some autoimmune diseases, like psoriasis or lupus, can also affect children’s skin. Psoriasis causes red, scaly patches, while lupus can manifest as a butterfly-shaped rash on the face. Treatment involves medication to manage symptoms and control the underlying autoimmune condition.

Managing childhood skin conditions often involves a combination of medical intervention, lifestyle modifications and proper skincare. Personalized treatment plans can be initiated by a pediatric dermatologist at Medical Dermatology Specialists in Atlanta, GA.

Treatment for Childhood Skin Conditions

Effective treatment for childhood skin conditions typically involves a multifaceted approach, incorporating a regular skincare routine, identifying triggers, and, when necessary, medical intervention.

Regular Skincare Routine

A consistent and gentle skincare routine is fundamental for managing various childhood skin conditions. This routine typically includes:

  • Cleansing: Use mild, fragrance-free cleansers or soap substitutes to gently cleanse the skin without causing irritation.
  • Moisturizing: Apply moisturizers immediately after bathing or washing to lock in moisture and prevent dryness. Choose products that are hypoallergenic and suitable for sensitive skin.
  • Avoiding Harsh Products: Steer clear of harsh soaps, heavily fragranced lotions, or skincare products containing alcohol that can aggravate sensitive skin.

Identifying Triggers

Identifying triggers specific to each skin condition is crucial for managing and preventing flare-ups. Triggers can vary widely and may include:

  • Allergens: Pollen, certain foods, pet dander or specific fabrics can trigger allergic reactions or exacerbate conditions like eczema or hives.
  • Environmental Factors: Exposure to extreme temperatures, dry air or harsh weather conditions can aggravate certain skin conditions.
  • Stress: Emotional stress or anxiety can sometimes trigger or worsen skin conditions like acne or eczema.

Medical Intervention

For more severe or persistent cases, medical intervention may be necessary. Dermatologists or healthcare providers may recommend:

  • Topical Treatments: Prescription-strength creams, ointments or topical medications containing corticosteroids, antibiotics, or other active ingredients to manage symptoms.
  • Oral Medications: In some cases, oral medications such as antihistamines, antibiotics or immune-modulating drugs may be prescribed.
  • Procedures or Therapies: Phototherapy, laser therapy, or other specialized procedures may be recommended for certain skin conditions.

Regular check-ups with a dermatologist are essential for monitoring progress and adjusting treatment plans as needed.

Understanding and promptly addressing common childhood skin conditions can alleviate discomfort, prevent complications and improve a child’s quality of life. Seeking guidance from skin specialists is crucial for accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of these conditions. If your child has symptoms of a pediatric skin condition, contact our team at Medical Dermatology Specialists. Call our clinic in Atlanta, GA, to schedule your appointment.

Posted on behalf of Medical Dermatology Specialists, P.C.

5730 Glenridge Drive, Suite T-100
Atlanta, GA 30328

Phone: Call (404) 939-9220
FAX: (470) 312-2157

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I truly cannot express how thankful I am for this practice. I have been treated with kindness and immense care by every staff member I have encountered here. The nurses and assistants are beyond attentive and genuinely care for the patient. I have just received a treatment plan from Dr. Laura Biehl, and even if this particular treatment plan doesn't provide me relief, I am confident that Dr. Biehl will work to figure out a solution. She is extremely knowledgeable, listens to patient concerns, and takes time to answer patient questions. Dr. Biehl, and this practice are true gems. If you have any dermatological issues this practice is absolutely the best of the best.
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Contact Medical Dermatology Specialists

If your skin disease is affecting your quality of life or you have been told your skin disorder is no longer treatable, we invite you to discover our unique medical dermatology practice in Atlanta. You will find a team of experts in dermatology who are not only dedicated to treating your skin symptoms, but who will work with your primary care doctor and other specialists to give you the comprehensive skin care approach you need to be healthy. Dr. Weisman can show you what it means to have a doctor who is truly an advocate for your health.

Contact our Atlanta Dermatologist today for personalized care and strong expertise in skin care for your entire family.


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Medical Dermatology Specialists, P.C.


5730 Glenridge Drive, Suite T-100
Atlanta, GA 30328



Phone: (404) 939-9220
Fax: (470) 312-2157
Research Fax: (470) 312-2156

Opening Hours

Mon - Fri: 7:45AM - 4:45PM
Sat - Sun: Closed

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