Melasma is a dermal condition characterized by brown to gray patches on the forearms, neck and face. Increased melanin production causes this discoloration, so some common triggers include sun exposure, certain medications and genetics. In some cases, a nutritional deficiency is the spark.
Melasma and Malnutrition
While melasma most often develops after prolonged sun exposure or during pregnancy due to fluctuating hormone levels, it may also be a sign of malnutrition or liver disease. Studies have linked melasma to people with poor liver function, vitamin B12 deficiency and iron deficiency anemia.
How to Prevent Melasma
Limit sun exposure and apply sunscreen daily to prevent or avoid melasma worsening. Try to reduce your stress levels because stress raises cortisol levels, which can worsen melasma. To do so, sleep 7-8 hours every day and try meditation.
Inflammation promotes pigmentation. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory vitamins assist in preventing melasma by counteracting its effects. Antioxidants also help repair UV damage that causes melasma. Therefore, eat as many vitamins and antioxidant-rich things as possible, particularly foods high in vitamin C and E like citrus fruits, kiwis, pistachios, almonds, flaxseeds, colorful vegetables and fish (especially salmon).
In addition, eat foods high in folate because a folic acid deficiency can lead to melasma. Foods high in folate include citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables, nuts and whole grains. You may also need to adjust your copper intake. This is because copper causes extra skin pigmentation by promoting melanin production.
Getting a blood test to check for nutritional deficiencies and poor liver function is the fastest way to know what you should eat and how much or less.
Melasma treatment can include external lotions, skin protection and internal remedies involving hormone balancing and nutrition. Vitamin supplements and diet impact the inside, while prescribed topical treatments work from the outside.
Consult a doctor or dermatologist to know the appropriate course of action before personally treating melasma. The underlying cause will dictate your treatment plan.
People pursue melasma treatment from Medical Dermatology Specialists because of our advanced and effective patient-centered care. Our team leader, board-certified dermatologist Dr. Jamie Weisman, is nationally recognized for delivering outstanding results.
We offer cutting-edge treatment choices and a comprehensive approach to treating skin disorders like melasma at their root. You can rely on Dr. Jamie Weisman and her team of specialists to give the treatment you require to restore your uniform skin color and confidence. Make an appointment today.
Posted on behalf of Dr. Jamie Weisman, Medical Dermatology Specialists, Inc.
Medical Dermatology Specialists, Inc.
5730 Glenridge Dr, Suite T-100
Atlanta, GA 30328
Monday – Thursday 7:30 AM – 5:00 PM